A Listed Building is one which appears on the statutory list of buildings of special architectural or historic interest, compiled by Historic England. Listing is a means of earmarking our most important buildings and giving them special protection.
A building is always listed as a whole, including the interior. Listing also includes any object or structure fixed to the building, and any object or structure within the curtilage of the building which, although not fixed to the building, forms part of the land and has done so since before 1st July 1948.
Listed Buildings are graded to show their relative importance:
- Grade I buildings are those of exceptional interest;
- Grade II* are particularly important buildings of more than special interest;
- Grade II are of special interest, warranting every effort to preserve them.
Protection applies equally to all grades. The great majority of listed buildings - over 92% - are Grade II.
Is my building Listed?
This area has around 1000 Listed Buildings. The list is held by Historic England, so you can search there for the detail of the Listing. If you would like us to check for you, please use our pre-application advice service.
Works to Listed Buildings
Listed Buildings are protected by stricter planning controls than non-designated buildings. It is necessary to obtain Listed Building Consent in order to demolish all or part of a Listed Building, alter it inside or out, or extend it in any way that would affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest.
To demolish or alter a Listed Building without consent is a criminal offence. Penalties for unauthorised works are severe.
If you need to carry out repairs to your listed building, and would like advice from one of our Conservation and Listed Buildings officers please use our pre-application advice service. Generally speaking, most repairs do not require listed building consent but some may do so. You should always check before progressing with such works.
You are also recommended to secure the services of a specialist craftsman. You may find one in the Building Conservation Directory
Buying a Listed Building
Buyers thinking of purchasing a Listed Building who would like advice about permissible alterations from one of our Conservation and Listed Buildings officers should use our pre-application advice service. This is particularly advisable if the building concerned is in poor condition or in need of modernisation. The obtaining of informal conservation advice before a purchase can avoid the possibility of serious disappointment later.